Scientific Highlights









RL1: Sustainable Energy Conversion & Storage Systems

In organic photovoltaics (PV), the high-throughput experimental screening and characterization approach based on lateral parametric gradients (measuring-intensive) developed at ICMAB has been combined with machine-learning algorithms to retrieve quantitative structure–activity relationships and extract molecular design rationale, accelerating organic solar-cell material discovery. Regarding complex oxides for PV applications like of BiFeO3, its phase stability and optoelectronic performance was enhanced and a cost-effective route to prepare freestanding complex oxide films was developed. Concerning hybrid lead halide perovskites, the first systematic assignment of common features apparent in the low-temperature PL spectra of single crystals to shallow defects was performed.

A combined strategy based on light trapping in 2D photonic crystals and plasmonic resonances has been successfully implemented for hydrogen production by photo-catalysis in the visible. Furthermore, it has been shown that redox gradients generated by wireless electrochemical processes, for example, in electro-deposited iridium oxide strongly enhance O2 evolution kinetics with applications in electro-catalysis and neural growth.

Regarding thermal transport, the recent experimental observation of “second sound” in bulk Ge even at room temperature and its modeling and simulation using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics open a new research field of wave-like heat transport, potentially, in almost any material. Further advances in general theory involve the development of workflow interfaces that automatically compute material properties and the derivation of a dielectric-screening theory in quasi-2D materials.

Batteries based on multivalent ions (e.g. Ca2+, Mg2+) and metal anodes could enable very high energy densities, thus, activities within 2021 included the screening of new materials as potential cathodes for Ca metal batteries using operando techniques and the development of boron-containing electrolyte additives. Carbons derived from alcohol-treated bacterial cellulose with optimal porosity were obtained, showing excellent behavior for Li-O2 Batteries.

New hybrid nanocarbon-metal oxide electrodes were developed for supercapacitors using innovative laser-based electrode fabrication methods, which were further up-scaled to meet industrial standards.

Highly flexible 3D porous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) were modified to incorporate conducting polypyrrole, so as to enhance their stability and capacitance as electrode material. Nanocomposite aerogels made of MOFs and graphene oxide have been developed for efficient CO2 and CH4 adsorption and separation.

Accelerating organic solar cell material’s discovery: high-throughput screening and big data

Xabier Rodríguez-Martínez, Enrique Pascual-San-José and Mariano Campoy-Quiles
Energy Environ. Sci. 14, 3301-3322 (2021)
DOI: 10.1039/D1EE00559F

A review with some of the computational (pre)screening approaches performed prior to experimentation to select the most promising molecular candidates from the available materials libraries or, alternatively, generate molecules beyond human intuition for organic solar cells.

Au/TiO22D-Photonic Crystals as UV–Visible Photocatalysts for H2 Production

Miquel Torras, Pau Molet, Lluís Soler, Jordi Llorca, Anna Roig, Agustín Mihi
Adv. Energy Mater. 12, 2103733, 2022
DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202103733

A scalable light-trapping scheme using soft nanoimprinting litography is used to amplify the light-harvesting efficiency of the TiO2 semiconductor beyond the UV region by coupling a 2D-photonic crystal to Au decorated titania to be used as photocatalysts.

Observation of second sound in a rapidly varying temperature field in Ge

A. Beardo, M. López-Suárez, L. A. Pérez, Ll. Sendra, M. I. Alonso, C. Melis, J. Bafaluy, J. Camacho, L. Colombo, R. Rurali, F. X. Alvarez, and J. S. Reparaz
Sci. Adv. 7, eabg4677, 2021
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg4677

Second sound is known as the thermal transport regime where heat is carried by temperature waves. Its experimental observation was previously restricted to a small number of materials, usually in rather narrow temperature windows. We show that it is possible to overcome these limitations by driving the system with a rapidly varying temperature field. This study reports on the unexpected observation of thermal waves in germanium, a semiconductor material.

Boost of Charge Storage Performance of Graphene Nanowall Electrodes by Laser-Induced Crystallization of Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Y. Esqueda-Barrón, A. Pérez del Pino, P. García Lebière, A. Musheghyan-Avetisyan, E. Bertran-Serra, E. György, C. Logofatu
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 13, 17957−17970, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c00951

In this work, a method based on laser processing is presented for the fabrication of hybrid electrodes composed of graphene nanowalls (GNWs) coated with different transition-metal oxide nanostructures for electrochemical capacitor (EC) applications.

Carbons Derived from Alcohol-Treated Bacterial Cellulose with Optimal Porosity for Li-O2 Batteries

W. Wang, S. Khabazian, S. Roig-Sanchez, A. Laromaine, A. Roig, D. Tonti
Renewable Energy 177, 209–215, 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2021.05.059

Porous carbons are important cathode materials for metal-air batteries, but the most usual methods to prepare these porous structures are complex and of high cost. This study shows the preparation of porous carbons from bacterial cellulose hydrogels by a simple water-alcohol solvent exchange before carbonization.

RL2: Superconducting Materials for Emerging Technologies

This Research Line is devoted to deploy unique know-how in superconducting materials and their use in emerging areas of energy, efficient ICT, high energy physics and astrophysics. In particular, our effort was concentrated in three main aspects. Firstly, in developing high-throughput, low-cost growth methods for Coated Conductors (CC) with engineered properties to approach theoretical limits. Also, in investigating superconducting electronic functionalities based on controlling properties of cuprates for ICT and impelling ultrasensitive Transition Edge Sensors (TES) as single photon and phonon detectors. Finally, in customizing CC materials for adequate integration in large scale systems (energy and high energy physics).

We recognize the breakthrough in Transient Liquid Assisted growth (TLAG) of cuprates where 1000 nm/s growth rates were demonstrated by in-situ XRD synchrotron investigations. This fostered to design and building of a stable installation at ALBA synchrotron within the TransEner PTI+. In addition, this research has attracted industrial interest, and during 2021, a project was signed with Sumitomo Electric Inds and an ERC-PoC was executed.

In the investigation of electronic functionalities, electric-field manipulation of the superconducting to insulator phase transition and electromigration effects were explored in cuprates, and the potentiality of hybrid systems for efficiently manipulating non-trivial spin textures and guide magnetic fields was demonstrated.

Besides, in 2021 we worked on electrothermal modelling of TES and devised the analysis of transition mechanisms for their better understanding and optimization. Notably, we started a project to develop TESs for low-mass dark matter direct detection.

Our scouting activities in customization of CC has led to define a robust architecture to increase the quench velocity and consequently enhance the electric field generated in superconducting fault current limiters (patented). Additionally, we have consolidated the understanding and development of a superconducting coating technology for high energy physics instrumentation (FCC high-energy accelerator and Axion detector cavities) with the complementary understanding of CC high frequencies response at magnetic fields.

High Performance of Superconducting YBa2Cu3O7 Thick Films Prepared by Single-Deposition Inkjet Printing

Bohores Villarejo, Flavio Pino, Cornelia Pop, Susagna Ricart, Ferran Vallès, Bernat Mundet, Anna Palau, Pere Roura-Grabulosa, Jordi Farjas, Natalia Chamorro, Ramón Yáñez, Xavier Granados, Teresa Puig, and Xavier Obradors
ACS Appl. Electron. Mater. 3, 9, 3948–3961, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsaelm.1c00513

In this paper, the preparation of superconducting YBCO thick films using a single deposition method is reported. Specific rules for ink design, deposition protocols, and pyrolysis processes are provided. The most important aspect is to formulate an ink with a solvent having a high boiling point that keeps the whole film wet during deposition to avoid liquid movement due to coffee-ring effects.

Low-Fluorine Ba-Deficient Solutions for High-Performance Superconducting YBCO Films

Pau Ternero, Jordi Alcalà, Laura Pipern, Cornelia, Pop, Susagna Ricart, Narcis Mestres 1ORCID,Xavier Obradors,Teresa Puig,Giovanni Sotgiu,Giuseppe Celentano and Anna Palau
Coatings 11(2), 199, 2021
DOI: 10.3390/coatings11020199

A study investigates the effect on the performance of the growing temperature of superconducting YBCO films fabricated by chemical solution deposition techniques.

Ultra-high critical current densities of superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films in the overdoped state

A. Stangl, A. Palau, G. Deutscher, X. Obradors & T. Puig
Scientific Reports 11, 8176, 2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87639-4

This study investigates the effect of oxygen doping on the structure and performance of YBCO superconducting thin films, from underdoped to overdoped state.

Combinatorial Screening of Cuprate Superconductors by Drop-On-Demand Inkjet Printing

Albert Queraltó, Juri Banchewski, Adrià Pacheco, Kapil Gupta, Lavinia Saltarelli, Diana Garcia, Núria Alcalde, Cristian Mocuta, Susagna Ricart, Flavio Pino, Xavier Obradors, and Teresa Puig
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 13, 7, 9101–9112, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c18014

This study uses combinatorial and high-throughput experimentation for the optimization of epitaxial growth of high-temperature YBCO superconducting thin films using the novel transient liquid-assisted growth method. The experimental strategy presented is key for the attainment of large datasets for the implementation of machine learning backed material design frameworks.

RL3: Oxides for New Generation Electronics

The research line has progressed in the understanding of the ferroelectric phase of epitaxial HfO2 thin films, a key material in the spotlight of the memories industry. Researchers of the RL exploit this knowledge to engineer ultrathin tunnel barriers for memory applications and neuromorphic applications.

Polar materials are also investigated in the context of flexoelectricity and the interaction with light. In this regard, flexoelectric responses of two-dimensional materials has been fully calculated from first principles, of interest for applications to graphene, silicene, phosphorene, boron nitride, and transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers. Along these lines, switching of polar metals via strain gradients have been also studied via first-principles theory. On the other hand, the photoresponse of polar oxides has been exploited to control ferroelectric memories, showing that the photocurrent can be reversed via polarization switching.

RL3 researchers have also demonstrated the role of relative humidity and polarization switching history on the surface charge dissipation in ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 thin films. Other discoveries relate to the finding of a metallic monoclinic VO2 phase that bridges the metallic rutile and insulating monoclinic ground states, promoting the formation of tweed microstructures. On the other hand, indium-free metallic electrodes based on SrVO3 have led to the discovery that the effective electron-mass enhancement, responsible for its transparency at visible range, is due to electron-phonon coupling rather than electron-electron correlations, as commonly accepted.

Potential high-temperature multiferroics have been investigated based on YBaCuFeO5 multiferroics: the modulation of spiral planes and Fe/Cu cation disorder has been exhaustively determined, which is crucial to engineer and develop these materials towards high-temperature multiferroics.

Finally, spintronic activities have been reinforced by the incorporation of an ERC grantee, who has been awarded by 2021 IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in the field of Magnetism, in recognition for the outstanding contributions in the field of magnetic oxides for spintronics.

Epitaxial ferroelectric HfO2 films: growth, properties and devices

I. Fina and F. Sánchez
ACS Applied Electronic Materials 3, 1530 – 1549, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsaelm.1c00110

Review on epitaxial ferroelectric hafnia (HfO2) that covers thin film deposition, structural and electrical properties, identification of ferroelectric phase, and fabrication of and devices.

Switching a Polar Metal via Strain Gradients

Asier Zabalo and Massimiliano Stengel
Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 127601, 2021
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.127601

Although rare, spontaneous breakdown of inversion symmetry sometimes occurs in a material which is metallic: these are commonly known as polar metals or ferroelectric metals. Their polarization, however, is difficult to switch via an electric field, which limits the experimental control over band topology. Here we investigate, via first-principles theory, flexoelectricity as a possible way around this obstacle with the well-known polar metal LiOsO3.

Electron–Phonon Coupling and Electron–Phonon Scattering in SrVO3

Mirjolet, M., Rivadulla, F., Marsik, P., Borisov, V., Valentí, R., Fontcuberta, J.
Adv. Sci. 2004207, 2021
DOI: 10.1002/advs.202004207

The electrons of some metal oxides, due to their large effective mass when coupled with the ionic lattice of the material, cannot follow the electric field of light and allow it to pass through the material. Transparent and conductive materials are used in smartphone touch screens and solar panels for photovoltaic energy.

Tuning the tilting of the spiral plane by Mn doping in YBaCuFeO5 multiferroic

X. Zhang, A. Romaguera, O. Fabelo, F. Fauth, J. Herrero-Martín and J.L. García-Muñoz
Acta Materialia 206, 116608, 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.116608

A study on perovskite YBCFO samples to investigate spin-orbit coupling effects. These materials are one of the best candidates to high-temperature chiral multiferroics with strong magnetoelectric coupling.

Local and correlated studies of humidity-mediated ferroelectric thin film surface charge dynamics

Iaroslav Gaponenko, Loïc Musy, Neus Domingo, Nicolas Stucki, Albert Verdaguer, Nazanin Bassiri-Gharb & Patrycja Paruch
npj Computational Materials volume 7, Article number: 163, 2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41524-021-00615-4

Electrochemical phenomena in ferroelectrics are of particular interest for catalysis and sensing applications, with recent studies highlighting the combined role of the ferroelectric polarisation, applied surface voltage and overall switching history. Here, we present a systematic Kelvin probe microscopy study of the effect of relative humidity and polarisation switching history in ferroelectric thin films.

Metallic Diluted Dimerization in VO2 Tweeds

Felip Sandiumenge, Laura Rodríguez, Miguel Pruneda, César Magén, José Santiso,and Gustau Catalan
Adv. Mater. 2021, 33, 2004374
DOI: 10.1002/adma.202004374

The study of metal-insulator transitions in VO2 through atomic scale imaging has allowed to uncover a periodical tweed structure: a weaving of vanadium dimers acting like the threads of an actual tweed at the atomic level.

RL4: Tuneable and Low Cost Molecular Electronics

The design and synthesis of new molecules with appealing optical and magnetic properties has been pursued. Efforts have been placed in gaining new insights into the transport properties of single molecules by integrating them in molecular junctions. For instance, magnetoresistance at room temperature was found in Co(II) and Cu(II) metalloporphyrin-based supramolecular devices characterised by STM using a magnetic tip.

Additionally, the influence of the bias polarity was found to determine the transport mechanisms in self-assembled monolayers of a redox active molecule (i.e., tetrathiafulvalene) measured by EGaIn. Regarding the optical properties, monosubstituted and disubstituted carboranyl pyrazoles were used as ligand to obtain polynuclear Cu(I) compounds with interesting luminiscence properties.

Finally, work has also been placed on the development of low-cost large area devices based on printed semiconductors. In particular, recently it was reported the exploitation of electrolyte-gated organic field-effect transistors to monitor events occurring at the water/metal interface, such as the formation of a surfactant monolayer. The impact of dopants on the electrical properties of organic semiconductors have also been investigated and reviewed.

Room-Temperature Spin-Dependent Transport in Metalloporphyrin-Based Supramolecular Wire

Albert C. Aragonès, Alejandro Martín-Rodríguez, Daniel Aravena, Giuseppe di Palma, Wenjie Qian, Josep Puigmartí-Luis, Núria Aliaga-Alcalde, Arántzazu González-Campo, Ismael Díez-Pérez, Eliseo Ruiz
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 60, 25958 – 25965, 2021
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202110515

Here we present room-temperature spin-dependent charge transport measurements in single-molecule junctions made of metalloporphyrin-based supramolecular assemblies.

Bias-polarity-dependent direct and inverted Marcus charge transport affecting rectification in a redox-active molecular junction

Y. Han, C. Nickle, S. M. Maglione, S. K. Karuppannan, J. Casado Montenegro, D.-C. Qi, X. Chen, A. Tadich, B. Cowie, M. Mas Torrent, C. Rovira, J. Cornil, J. Veciana, E. del Barco, C. A. Nijhuis
Advanced Science 8, 2100055, 2021
DOI: 10.1002/advs.202100055

This paper describes the transition from the normal to inverted Marcus region in solid-state tunnel junctions consisting of self-assembled monolayers of benzotetrathiafulvalene (BTTF), and how this transition determines the performance of a molecular diode.

Interplay between electrolyte-gated organic field-effect transistors and surfactants: a surface aggregation tool and protecting semiconducting layer

Q. Zhang, A. Tamayo, F. Leonardi, M. Mas-Torrent
ACS. Appl. Mater.& Interf. 13, 26, 30902, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c05938

Here, we demonstrate that the EGOFETs and surfactants can provide mutual benefits to each other. Molecular surfactants are widely employed in many areas, such as surface coatings or for drug delivery, thanks to their capability to form micelles in solution or supramolecular structures at the solid/liquid interface. Electrolyte-gated organic field-effect transistors (EGOFETs) are highly sensitive to changes occurring at their electrolyte/gate electrode and electrolyte/organic semiconductor interfaces, and hence, they have been much explored in biosensing due to their inherent amplification properties.

Tuning the architectures and luminescence properties of Cu(I) compounds of phenyl and carboranyl pyrazoles: the impact of 2D versus 3D aromatic moieties in the ligand backbone

Joan Soldevila-Sanmartín, Eliseo Ruiz, Duane Choquesillo-Lazarte, Mark E. Light, Clara Viñas, Francesc Teixidor, Rosario Núñez, Josefina Pons and José G. Planas
J. Mater. Chem. C 2021, 9, 7643-7657
DOI: 10.1039/D1TC01395E

A study on luminescence properties of phenyl and carboranyl pyrazoles.

Doping Approaches for Organic Semiconductors

Alberto D. Scaccabarozzi, Aniruddha Basu, Filip Aniés, Jian Liu, Osnat Zapata-Arteaga, Ross Warren, Yuliar Firdaus, Mohamad Insan Nugraha, Yuanbao Lin, Mariano Campoy-Quiles, Norbert Koch, Christian Müller, Leonidas Tsetseris, Martin Heeney, and Thomas D. Anthopoulos
Chem. Rev., 2100453, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.1c00581

Electronic doping in organic materials has remained an elusive concept for several decades. Here, we give an overview of all important advances in the area of doping of organic semiconductors and their applications.

RL5: Bioactive Materials for Therapy and Diagnosis

RL5 generated scientific and technological knowledge on the synthesis and processing  of new materials of interest to biomedical companies and clinical groups for improved diagnosis and treatment of diseases by increasing  the selectivity, efficiency and safety of the nanomedicinal system. RL5 has contributed in its three research areas:

  1. Materials engineering and biointeraction: developing boron clusters, curcuminoids, nanoparticles (i.e. polymeric, inorganic, hybrid, liposomes or vesicles) and biofunctionalized surfaces (i.e. electrode coatings with electroactive conducting materials or self-assembled monolayers to control material-cell interaction and 3D scaffolds (i.e. synthetic and biobased hydrogels) targeting specific properties.
  2. Therapy; generating new effective materials targeting specific functions to find solutions in different illnesses. Developing new boron clusters-based hybrid materials as anticancer agents for BNCT and for multimodal cancer therapies, design carbon and inorganic nanomaterials as theranostic agents for biomedical imaging (fluorescent dyes, radionuclides, or contrast agents for MR) and cancer therapy and hydrogels to improve adoptive cell therapy to efficiently culture immune cells. Also, developing synthetic and biobased nanocellulose hydrogels for corneal or myocardial tissue repair and as cell support nanoconstructs, electroactive hybrid materials for neural repair, PLGA nanocapsules to enhance brain vascularization, quatsomes for the delivery of EGF for ulcer treatment (pushed to TRL7), carbon nanotubes and hybrid composites (protein nanoparticles functionalized PLA scaffold).
  3. Bioimaging: developing fluorescent dyes based on small organic molecules and nanoparticles and vesicles that are internalized by cells as fluorescent probes, radical dendrimers to substitute gadolinium for MRI for in-vivo applications. Iron oxide nanoparticles as T2 contrast agent combined with other carriers, such as mesoporous silica particles, PLGA capsules or carbon-based materials to increase image quality and clinical sensitivity and new molecules and nanoparticles functionalized with radioisotopes for their applications in PET-SPECT imaging.

RL5 participated defining the challenges of nanomedicine in the coming decade in line with the scientific and technological guidelines of the CSIC, contributing to the published “White Book of CSIC 2030”

Limbal Stem Cells on Bacterial Nanocellulose Carriers for Ocular Surface Regeneration

Anton-Sales, Irene; Koivusalo, Laura; Skottman, Heli; Laromaine, Anna; Roig, Anna
Small 17, 10, 200393, 2021
DOI: 10.1002/smll.202003937

The production, preparation, and use of bacterial nanocellulose as corneal bandages could be the key to help delicate stem cells to migrate to the cornea and heal the eye from a range of ocular disorders.

Engineering pH-Sensitive Stable Nanovesicles for Delivery of MicroRNA Therapeutics

Boloix, Ariadna; Feiner-Gracia, Natalia; Kober, Mariana; Repetto, Javier; Pascarella, Rosa; Soriano, Aroa; Masanas, Marc; Segovia, Nathaly; Vargas-Nadal, Guillem; Merlo-Mas, Josep; Danino, Dganit; Abutbul-Ionita, Inbal; Foradada, Laia; Roma, Josep; Cordoba, Alba; Sala, Santi; Sanchez Toledo, Josep; Gallego, Soledad; Veciana, Jaume; Albertazzi, Lorenzo; Segura, Miguel F.; Ventosa, Nora
Small, 18, 3, 2101959, 2021
DOI: 10.1002/smll.202101959

A study on new nanovesicles, known as quatsomes, which have been successfully engineered to encapsulate and deliver microRNAs for the treatment of tumors. These nanovesicles are produced by a simple GMP compliant process, an unavoidable requirement for the clinical use of new drug candidates.

Impact of Chemical Composition on the Nanostructure and Biological Activity of alpha-Galactosidase-Loaded Nanovesicles for Fabry Disease Treatment

Tomsen-Melero, Judit; Passemard, Solene; Garcia-Aranda, Natalia; Vanessa Diaz-Riascos, Zamira; Gonzalez-Rioja, Ramon; Nedergaard Pedersen, Jannik; Lyngso, Jeppe; Merlo-Mas, Josep; Cristobal-Lecina, Edgar; Luis Corchero, Jose; Pulido, Daniel; Camara-Sanchez, Patricia; Portnaya, Irina; Ionita, Inbal; Schwartz Jr, Simo; Veciana, Jaume; Sala, Santi; Royo, Miriam; Cordoba, Alba; Danino, Dganit; Pedersen, Jan Skov; Gonzalez-Mira, Elisabet; Abasolo, Ibane; Ventosa, Nora
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13, 7, 7825-7838, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c16871

Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a deficiency of α-galactosidase A (GLA), a lysosomal hydrolase. The enzyme replacement therapy administering naked GLA shows several drawbacks including poor biodistribution, limited efficacy, and relatively high immunogenicity in Fabry patients. An attractive strategy to overcome these problems is the use of nanocarriers for encapsulating the enzyme. Nanoliposomes functionalized with RGD peptide have already emerged as a good platform to protect and deliver GLA to endothelial cells.

Ru(II) and Ir(III) phenanthroline-based photosensitisers bearing o-carborane: PDT agents with boron carriers for potential BNCT

Conway-Kenny, Robert; Ferrer-Ugalde, Albert; Careta, Oriol; Cui, Xiaoneng; Zhao, Jianzhang; Nogues, Carme; Nunez, Rosario; Cabrera-Gonzalez, Justo; Draper, Sylvia M.,
Biomaterials Science 9, 16, 5691-5702, 2021
DOI: 10.1039/d1bm00730k

An article on the study of structural and photoactive properties of boron-based compounds used as photosensitisers that could be uses as dual anti-cancer agents for PDT and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT).

Radiolabeled Cobaltabis(dicarbollide) Anion–Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites for In Vivo Bioimaging and Boron Delivery

Albert Ferrer-Ugalde, Stefania Sandoval, Krishna Reddy Pulagam, Amanda Muñoz-Juan, Anna Laromaine, Jordi Llop, Gerard Tobias, and Rosario Núñez
ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 4, 2, 1613–1625, 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.0c03079

A carbon-based hybrid nanocomposite, which consists of monoiodinated boron-cluster derivatives covalently attached to graphene oxide, is introduced. In vivo cytotoxicity studies have performed with C. elegans. It is noteworthy that the high boron content of this material paves the way toward theranostics because it benefits of a traceable boron delivery for boron neutron capture therapy.



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  • José Antonio Gómez ,
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